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Multiple Diameters Calculation
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Normal TEE Cardiac Dimensions
 
Formula:
Height: in    cm
Weight: lbs  kgs
 
BSA: m2
Body Surface Area
Name
BSA(m2) Formula
Dubois and Dubois : = 0.20247 x height (m) 0.725 x weight (kg) 0.425
Haycock : = 0.024265 x height (cm) 0.3964 x weight (kg) 0.5378
Gehan & George : = 0.0235 x height (cm) 0.42246 x weight (kg) 0.51456
Boyd : = 0.0003207 x height (cm) 0.3 x weight (g) 0.7285 - (0.0188 x log(weight(g)))
Mosteller: =square root (( height (cm) x weight (kg))/ 3600)
 
Parameter Calculated
Mean (mm)
Calculated
Range (mm)
Mean Â± SD
(mm/m2)
Range
(mm/m2)
Superior Vena Cava Diameter     8 ± 1 4 - 11
Right Atrium        
     Anterior-Posterior Diameter     22 ± 3 16 - 28
     Medial-Lateral Diameter     21 ± 3 16 - 32
Coronary Sinus Diameter     4 ± 1 2 - 6
Tricuspid Annulus Diameter     16 ± 3 11 - 24
Right Ventricular Diameter        
RVOT Diameter     15 ± 2 10 - 20
Pulmonary Artery Diameter        
Right Pulmonary Artery Diameter     10 ± 1 7 - 12
Left Pulmonary Artery Diameter        
Left Upper Pulmonary Vein Diameter     6 ± 1 5 - 10
Left Atrial Appendage        
     Length     16 ± 3 10 - 23
     Diameter     9 ± 3 5 - 17
Mitral Annulus Diameter     17 ± 2 11 - 22
Left Ventricle        
     Diastole        
          Anterior-Posterior Diameter     25 ± 3 19 - 31
          Medial-Lateral Diameter     24 ± 4 11 - 30
     Systole        
          Anterior-Posterior Diameter     16 ± 4 10 - 25
          Medial-Lateral Diameter     15 ± 4 10 - 24
Aortic Root Diameter     16 ± 2 12 - 23
Ascending Aorta        
Arch Aorta        
Descending Aorta        
     Proximal     12 ± 2 9 - 17
     Distal     11 ± 2 8 - 15
 Normal Adult Thoracic Aortic Diameters
 Thoracic Aorta Mean (cm) SD (cm) Method
 Root (female)  3.50 to 3.72  0.38  CT
 Root (male)  3.63 to 3.91  0.38   CT
 Ascending (female, male)  2.86  NA  CXR
 Mid-descending (female)  2.45 to 2.64  0.31  CT
 Mid-descending (male)  2.39 to 2.98  0.31  CT
 Diaphragmatic (female)  2.40 to 2.44  0.32  CT
 Diaphragmatic (male)  2.43 to 2.69  0.27 to 0.40  CT
       
 Sex Differences in Aortic Root Dimensions in Adults
   Absolute Values (cm)  Indexed Values (cm/m2)
 Aortic Root
 Annulus
 Sinuses of Valsalva
 Sinotubular Junction
 Proximal Ascending Aorta
 Men  Women
 2.6±0.3
 2.3±0.2
 3.4±0.3  3.0±0.3
 2.9±0.3  2.6±0.3
 3.0±0.4  2.7±0.4
 Men  Women
 1.3±0.1  1.3±0.1
 1.7±0.2  1.8±0.2
 1.5±0.2  1.5±0.2
 1.5±0.2  1.6±0.3
     Adapted from Roman et al.
From: 2010 ACCF/AHA/AATS/ACR/ASA/SCA/SCAI/SIR/STS/SVM
   Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Patients With Thoracic Aortic Disease: Executive Summary


DuBois D, DuBois EF. A formula to estimate the approximate surface area if height and weight be known. Arch Int Med 1916 17:863-71.
Haycock GB, Schwartz GJ, Wisotsky DH. Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height weight formula validated in infants, children and adults. The Journal of Pediatrics 1978 (93):1:62-66.
Gehan EA, George SL. Estimation of human body surface area from height and weight. Cancer Chemother Rep 1970 54:225-35.
Boyd E. The growth of the surface area of the human body. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1935.
Mosteller RD. Simplified Calculation of Body Surface Area. N Engl J Med . 1987 Oct 22;317(17):1098. (letter)
 


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