I just wanted to let you know that even though I'm looking quite old, I'm still a millenial.
So I just had a "New Year, New Me" moment and my resolution is to become a new and improved version of myself in a couple of weeks.
Don't worry, my wisdom won't change. You're still going to find the same useful information here. Stay tuned!
Effective Regurgitant Orifice by Continuity Equation
Calcs>Aortic Regurgitation>ERO by CE>1
SVMV = CSAMV x VTIMV
SVMV = 0.785 x DMV2 x VTIMV
SVAV = CSALVOT x VITAV
SVAV = 0.785 x DLVOT2 x VTIAV
EROAR = (SVAV - SVMV) / VTIAR
to get a Regurgitant Volume in Aortic Regurgitation.
1: Measure the Diameter of the LVOT. The diameter
can be of the LVOT should be obtained from the midesophageal
AVLAX view, in mid systole, and under the zoom mode.
The view of the LVOT should not be an obtuse angle
view. The aortic valve leaflets (NCC and RCC)
should be clearly seen. The zoom mode will decrease
the error present in the calculation. Since
the LVOT diameter changes throughout systole, the mid systole
measurement should be obtained.
2: Obtain a VTI of the LVOT. The
VIT of the LVOT is obtained from a PWD of the LVOT.
The PWD of the LVOT should be obtained at the
same location as the LVOT diameter measurement.
The PWD beam should not be off more than 15Â° from
parallel to the LVOT flow. After tracing the
flow on the echocardiographic machine, a VTI of the
PWD tracing will be calculated. A continuous
wave doppler (CWD) of the LVOT could be obtained,
but, since the CWD introduces ambiguity into the equation
and since flows in the LVOT rarely exceed the aliasing
velocity of the pulse wave doppler, PWD is the best
measurement mode. However, in aortic regurgitation,
there is excessive flow, so aliasing may occur.
Therefore, CWD may be required to be able to trace
the whole flow profile. The systolic flow profile
is the VTI of the LVOT. The diastolic flow profile
the the regurgitant jet (RJ) VTI.
3: Obtain a Mitral Valve Diameter. The area
of the mitral valve can be calculated from this measurement.
This enter some inaccuracy into the equation since
the mitral valve is not a circle (it is oval).
Therefore, the pulmonary valve could be used instead.
This measurement is to be used to generate a value
that represents normal forward flow in the cardiac
Step 4: Obtain
a Mitral Valve VTI. Using the PWD mode,
trace the envelope of the entire (E wave and A wave)
flow profile of the mitral valve.