Mitral Prosthetic Valve Doppler Values
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References>Normal Values>Prosthetic Valve Doppler Values>Mitral
Normal Doppler Values for Mitral Prosthetic Heart Valves
Biocor Stentless Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
27 13 ± 1        
29 14 ± 2.5        
31 11.5 ± 0.5        
33 12 ± 0.5        
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Bioflo Pericardial Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
25 10 ± 2 6.3 ± 1.5     2 ± 0.1
27 9.5 ± 2.6 5.4 ± 1.2     2 ± 0.3
29 5 ± 2.8 3.6 ± 1     2.4 ± 0.2
31 4.0 2.0     2.3
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Bjork-Shiley Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
23     1.7 115  
25 12 ± 4 6 ±2 1.75 ± 0.38 99 ± 27 1.72 ± 0.6
27 10 ± 4 5 ±2 1.6 ± 0.49 89 ± 28 1.81 ± 0.54
29 7.83 ± 2.93 2.83 ± 1.27 1.37 ± 0.25 79 ± 17 2.1 ± 0.43
31 6 ±3 2 ± 1.9 1.41 ± 0.26 70 ± 14 2.2 ± 0.3
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Bjork-Shiley Monostrut Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
23   5.0 1.9    
25 13 ± 2.5 5.57 ± 2.3 1.8 ± 0.3    
27 12 ± 2.5 4.53 ± 2.2 1.7 ±0.4    
29 13 ± 3 4.26 ± 1.6 1.6 ± 0.3    
31 14 ± 4.5 4.9 ± 1.6 1.7 ± 0.3    
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Carbomedics Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
23     1.9 ± 0.1 126 ± 7  
25 10.3 ± 2.3 3.6 ± 0.6 1.3 ± 0.1 93 ± 8 2.9 ± 0.8
27 8.79 ± 3.46 3.46 ± 1.03 1.61 ± 0.3 89 ± 20 2.9 ± 0.75
29 8.78 ± 2.9 3.39 ± 0.97 1.52 ± 0.3 88 ± 17 2.3 ± 0.4
31 8.87 ± 2.34 3.32 ± 0.87 1.61 ± 0.29 92 ± 24 2.8 ± 1.14
33 8.8 ± 2.2 4.8 ± 2.5 1.5 ± 0.2 93 ± 12  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Carpentier- Edwards Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
27   6 ±2 1.7 ± 0.3 98 ± 28  
29   4.7 ± 2 1.76 ± 0.27 92 ±14  
31   4.4 ± 2 1.54 ± 0.15 92 ± 19  
33   6 ±3   93 ± 12  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Carpentier- Edwards Pericardial Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
27   3.6 1.6 100  
29   5.25 ± 2.36 1.67 ± 0.3 110 ± 15  
31   4.05 ± 0.83 1.53 ± 0.1 90 ± 11  
33   1.0 0.8 80  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Duromedics Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
27 13 ± 6 5 ± 3 1.61 ± 0.4 75 ± 12  
29 10 ± 4 3 ± 1 1.40 ± 0.25 85 ± 22  
31 10.5 ± 4.33 3.3 ± 1.36 1.38 ± 0.27 81 ± 12  
33 11.2 2.5   85  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Hancock I / Unspecified Stented bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
27 10 ± 4 5 ± 2     1.3 ± 0.8
29 7 ± 3 2.46 ± 0.79   115 ± 20 1.5 ± 0.2
31 4 ± 0.86 4.86 ± 1.69   95 ± 17 1.6 ± 0.2
33 3 ± 2 3.87 ± 2   90 ± 12 1.9 ± 0.2
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Hancock II Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
27         2.21 ± 0.14
29         2.77 ± 0.11
31         2.84 ± 0.1
33         3.15 ± 0.22
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Hancock Pericardial Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
29   2.61 ± 1.39 1.42 ± 0.14 105 ± 36  
31   3.57 ± 1.02 1.51 ± 0.27 81 ± 23  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Ionescu-Shiley Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
25   4.87 ± 1.08 1.43 ± 0.15 93 ± 11  
27   3.21 ± 0.82 1.31 ± 0.24 100 ± 28  
29   3.22 ± 0.57 1.38 ± 0.2 85 ± 8  
31   3.63 ± 0.9 1.45 ± 0.06 100 ± 36  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Ionescu-Shiley Low Profile Stented Bioprothesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
29   3.31 ± 0.96 1.36 ± 0.25 80 ± 30  
31   2.74 ± 0.37 1.33 ± 0.14 79 ± 15  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Labcor-Santiago Pericardial Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
25 8.7 4.5   97 2.2
27 5.6 ± 2.3 2.8 ± 1.5   85 ± 18 2.12 ± 0.48
29 6.2 ± 2.1 3 ± 1.3   80 ± 34 2.11 ± 0.73
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Lillehei-Kaster Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
18     1.7 140  
20     1.7 67  
22     1.56 ± 0.09 94 ± 22  
25     1.38 ± 0.27 124 ± 46  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Medtronic-Hall Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
27     1.4 78  
29     1.57 ± 0.1 69 ± 15  
31     1.45 ± 0.12 77 ± 17  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Medtronic Intact Porcine Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
29   3.5 ± 0.51 1.6 ± 0.22    
31   4.2 ± 1.44 1.6 ± 0.26    
33   4 ± 1.3 1.4 ± 0.24    
35   3.2 ± 1.77 1.3 ± 0.5    
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Mitroflow Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
25   6.9 2.0 90  
27   3.07 ± 0.91 1.5 90 ± 20  
29   3.5 ± 1.65 1.43 ± 0.29 102 ± 21  
31   3.85 ± 0.81 1.32 ± 0.26 91 ± 22  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Omnicarbon Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
25   6.05 ± 1.81 1.77 ± 0.24 102 ± 16  
27   4.89 ± 2.05 1.63 ± 0.36 105 ± 33  
29   4.93 ± 2.16 1.56 ± 0.27 120 ± 40  
31   4.18 ± 1.4 1.3 ± 0.23 134 ± 31  
33   4 ±2      
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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On-X Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
25 11.5 ± 3.2 5.3 ± 2.1     1.9 ± 1.1
27-29 10.3 ± 4.5 4.5 ± 1.6     2.2 ± 0.5
31-33 9.8 ± 3.8 4.8 ± 2.4     2.5 ± 1.1
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Sorin Allcarbon Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
25 15 ± 3 5 ± 1 2 ± 0.2 105 ± 29 2.2 ± 0.6
27 13 ± 2 4 ±1 1.8 ± 0.1 89 ± 14 2.5 ± 0.5
29 10 ± 2 4 ±1 1.6 ± 0.2 85 ± 23 2.8 ± 0.7
31 9 ±1 4 ±1 1.6 ± 0.1 88 ± 27 2.8 ± 0.9
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Sorin Bicarbon Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
25 15 ± 0.25 4 ± 0.5 1.95 ± 0.02 70 ± 1  
27 11 ± 2.75 4 ± 0.5 1.65 ± 0.21 82 ± 20  
29 12 ± 3 4 ± 1.25 1.73 ± 0.22 80 ± 14  
31 10 ± 1.5 4 ± 1 1.66 ± 0.11 83 ± 14  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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St Jude Medical Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
23   4.0 1.5 160 1.0
25   2.5 ± 1 1.34 ± 1.12 75 ± 4 1.35 ± 0.17
27 11 ± 4 5 ± 1.82 1.61 ± 0.29 75 ± 10 1.67 ± 0.17
29 10 ± 3 4.15 ± 1.8 1.57 ± 0.29 85 ± 10 1.75 ± 0.24
31 12 ± 6 4.46 ± 2.22 1.59 ± 0.33 74 ± 13 2.03 ± 0.32
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Starr- Edwards Caged ball
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
26   10.0     1.4
28   7 ± 2.75     1.9 ± 0.57
30 12.2 ± 4.6 6.99 ± 2.5 1.7 ± 0.3 125 ± 25 1.65 ± 0.4
32 11.5 ± 4.2 5.08 ± 2.5 1.7 ± 0.3 110 ± 25 1.98 ± 0.4
34   5.0     2.6
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Stentless Quadrileaflet Bovine Pericardial Stentless Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
26   2.2 ± 1.7 1.6 103 ± 31 1.7
28     1.58 ± 0.25   1.7 ± 0.6
30     1.42 ± 0.32   2.3 ± 0.4
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Wessex Stented Bioprosthesis
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) Peak Vel (m/s) PHT (m/s) EOA (cm2)
29   3.69 ± 0.61 1.66 ± 0.17 83 ± 19  
31   3.31 ± 0.83 1.41 ± 0.25 80 ± 21  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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