Aortic Prosthetic Valve Doppler Values
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References>Normal Values>Prosthetic Valve Doppler Values>Aortic
Normal Doppler Values for Aortic Prosthetic Heart Valves
 
ATS Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 47.0± 12.6 25.3± 8.0 1.1± 0.3
21 23.7± 6.8 15.9± 5.0 1.4± 0.5
23   14.4± 4.9 1.7± 0.5
25   11.3± 3.7 2.1± 0.7
27   8.4± 3.7 2.5± 0.1
29   8.0± 3.0 3.1± 0.8
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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ATS AP Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
18   21.0± 1.8 1.2± 0.3
20 21.4± 4.2 11.1± 3.5 1.3± 0.3
22 18.7± 8.3 10.5± 4.5 1.7± 0.4
24 15.1± 5.6 7.5± 3.1 2.0± 0.6
26   6.0± 2.0 2.1± 0.4
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Baxter Perimount Stented Bovine Pericardial
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 32.5± 8.5 19.5± 5.5 1.3± 0.2
21 24.9± 7.7 13.8± 4.0 1.3± 0.3
23 19.9± 7.4 11.5± 3.9 1.6± 0.3
25 16.5± 7.8 10.7± 3.8 1.6± 0.4
27 12.8± 5.4 4.8± 2.2 2.0± 0.4
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Biocor Stented Porcine
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
23 30.0± 10.7 20± 6.6 1.3± 0.3
25 23.0± 7.9 16± 5.1 1.7± 0.4
27 22.0± 6.5 15.0± 3.7 2.2± 0.4
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
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Extended Biocor Stentless
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 17.5± 6.5 9.6± 3.6 1.4± 0.4
21 17.5± 6.5 9.6± 3.6 1.4± 0.4
23 14.7± 7.3 7.7± 3.8 1.7± 0.4
25 14.0± 4.3 7.4± 2.5 1.8± 0.4
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Bioflo Stented Bovine Pericardia
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 37.2± 8.8 26.4± 5.5 0.7± 0.1
21 28.7± 6.2 18.7± 5.5 1.1± 0.1
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Bjork-Shiley Single Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 38.9± 11.9 21.8± 3.4 1.1± 0.3
23 28.8± 11.2 15.7± 5.3 1.3± 0.3
25 23.7± 8.2 13.0± 5.0 1.5± 0.4
27   10.0± 2.0 1.6± 0.3
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 

Carbomedics Reduced Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 43.4± 1.2 24.4± 1.2 1.2± 0.1
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Carbomedics Standard Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 38.0± 12.8 18.9± 8.3 1.0± 0.3
21 26.8± 10.1 12.9± 5.4 1.5± 0.4
23 22.5± 7.4 11.0± 4.6 1.4± 0.3
25 19.6± 7.8 9.1± 3.5 1.8± 0.4
27 17.5± 7.1 7.9± 3.2 2.2± 0.2
29 9.1± 4.7 5.6± 3.0 3.2± 1.6
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Carbomedics Tophat Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 30.2± 10.9 14.9± 5.4 1.2± 0.3
23 24.2± 7.6 12.5± 4.4 1.4± 0.4
25   9.5± 2.9 1.6± 0.32
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Carpentier Edwards Pericardial Stented Bovine Pericardial
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 32.1± 3.4 24.2± 8.6 1.2± 0.3
21 25.7± 9.9 20.3± 9.1 1.5± 0.4
23 21.7± 8.6 13.0± 5.3 1.8± 0.3
25   16.5± 5.4 1.9± 2.3
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Carpentier Edwards Standard Stented Porcine
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 43.5± 12.7 25.6± 8.0 0.9± 0.2
21 27.7± 7.6 17.3± 6.2 1.5± 0.3
23 28.9± 7.5 16.1± 6.2 1.7± 0.5
25 24.0± 7.1 12.9± 4.6 1.9± 0.5
27 22.1± 8.2 12.1± 5.5 2.3± 0.6
29   9.9± 2.9 2.8± 0.5
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 

Carpentier Supra-Annular Stented Porcine
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 34.1± 2.7   1.1± 0.1
21 28.0± 10.5 17.5± 3.8 1.4± 0.9
23 25.3± 10.5 13.4± 4.5 1.6± 0.6
25 24.4± 7.6 13.2± 4.8 1.8± 0.4
27 16.7± 4.7 8.8± 2.8 1.9± 0.7
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Cryolife Stentless
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19   9.0± 2.0 1.5± 0.3
21   6.6± 2.9 1.7± 0.4
23   6.0± 2.3 2.3± 0.2
25   6.1± 2.6 2.6± 0.2
27   4.0± 2.4 2.8± 0.3
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Edwards Duromedics Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 39.0± 13    
23 32.0± 8.0    
25 26.0± 10.0    
27 24.0± 10.0    
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Edwards Mira Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19   18.2± 5.3 1.2± 0.4
21   13.3± 4.3 1.6± 0.4
23   14.7± 2.8 1.6± 0.6
25   13.1± 3.8 1.9
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Hancock Stented Porcine
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 18.0± 6.0 12.0± 2.0  
23 16.0± 2.0 11.0± 2.0  
25 15.0± 3.0 10.0± 3.0  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Hancock II Stented Porcine
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21   14.8± 4.1 1.3± 0.4
23 34.0± 13.0 16.6± 8.5 1.3± 0.4
25 22.0± 5.3 10.8± 2.8 1.6± 0.4
27      
29 16.2± 1.5 8.2± 1.7 1.6± 0.2
       
       
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Homograft Valves
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
17-19   9.7± 4.2 4.2± 1.8
19-21     5.4± 0.9
20-21   7.9± 4.0 3.6± 2.0
20-22   7.2± 3.0 3.5± 1.5
22 1.7± 0.3   5.8± 3.2
22-23   5.6± 3.1 2.6± 1.4
22-24     5.6± 1.7
24-27   6.2± 2.6 2.8± 1.1
26 1.4± 0.6   6.8± 2.9
25-28     6.2± 2.5
Image
 
Intact Stented Porcine
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 40.4± 15.4 24.5± 9.3  
21 40.9± 15.6 19.6± 8.1 1.6± 0.4
23 32.7± 9.6 19.0± 6.1 1.6± 0.4
25 29.7± 15.0 17.7± 7.9 1.7± 0.3
27 25.0± 7.6 15.0± 4.5  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Ionescu-Shiley Stented Bovine Pericardial
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
17 23.8± 3.4   0.9± 0.1
19 19.7± 5.9 13.3± 3.9 1.1± 0.1
21 26.6± 9.0    
23   15.6± 4.4  
       
       
       
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Labcor Santiago Stented Bovine Pericardial
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 18.6± 5.0 11.8± 3.3 1.2± 0.1
21 17.5± 6.6 8.2± 4.5 1.3± 0.1
23 14.8± 5.2 7.8± 2.9 1.8± 0.2
25 12.3± 3.4 6.8± 2.0 2.1± 0.3
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Labcor Synergy Stented Porcine
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 24.3± 8.1 13.3± 4.2 1.1± 0.3
23 27.3± 13.7 15.3± 6.9 1.4± 0.4
25 22.5± 11.9 13.2± 6.4 1.5± 0.4
27 17.8± 7.0 10.6± 4.6 1.8± 0.5
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
MCRI On-X Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 21.3± 10.8 11.8± 3.4 1.5± 0.2
21 16.4± 5.9 9.9± 3.6 1.7± 0.4
23 15.9± 6.4 8.6± 3.4 1.9± 0.6
25 16.5± 10.2 6.9± 4.3 2.4± 0.6
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Medtronic Advantage Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
23   10.4± 3.1 2.2± 0.3
25   9.0± 3.7 2.8± 0.6
27   7.6± 3.6 3.3± 0.7
29   6.1± 3.8 3.9±0.7
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Medtronic Freestyle Stentless
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19   13.0± 3.9  
21   9.1± 5.1 1.4± 0.3
23 11.0± 4.0 8.1± 4.6 1.7± 0.5
25   5.3± 3.1 2.1± 0.5
27   4.6± 3.1 2.5± 0.1
       
       
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Medtronic Hall Single Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
20 34.4± 13.1 17.1± 5.3 1.2± 0.5
21 26.9± 10.5 14.1± 5.9 1.1± 0.2
23 26.9± 8.9 13.5± 4.8 1.4± 0.4
25 17.1± 7.0 9.5± 4.3 1.5± 0.5
27 18.9± 9.7 8.7± 5.6 1.9± 0.2
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Medtronic Mosaic Stented Porcine
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21   14.2± 5.0 1.4± 0.4
23 23.8± 11.0 13.7± 4.8 1.5± 0.4
25 22.5± 10.0 11.7± 5.1 1.8± 0.5
27   10.4± 4.3 1.9± 0.1
29   11.1± 4.3 2.1± 0.2
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Mitroflow Stented Bovine Pericardial
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 18.6± 5.3 13.1± 3.3 1.1± 0.2
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Monostrut Bjork-Shiley Single Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19   27.4± 8.8  
21 27.5± 3.1 20.5± 6.2  
23 20.3± 0.7 17.4± 6.4  
25   16.1± 4.9  
27   11.4± 3.8  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Prima Stentless
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 28.8± 6.0 13.7± 1.9 1.4± 0.7
23 21.5± 7.5 11.5± 4.9 1.5± 0.3
25 22.1± 12.5 11.6± 7.2 1.8± 0.5
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Omnicarbon Single Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 37.4± 12.8 20.4± 5.4 1.3± 0.5
23 28.8± 9.1 17.4± 4.9 1.5± 0.3
25 23.7± 8.1 13.2± 4.6 1.9± 0.5
27 20.1± 4.2 12.4± 2.9 2.1± 0.4
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Omniscience Single Tilting Disc
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 50.8± 2.8 28.2± 2.2 0.9± 0.1
23 39.8± 8.7 20.1± 5.1 1.0± 0.1
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Starr Edwards Caged Ball
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
23 32.6± 12.8 22.0± 9.0 1.1± 0.2
24 34.1± 10.3 22.1± 7.5 1.1± 0.3
26 31.8± 9.0 19.7± 6.1  
27 30.8± 6.3 18.5± 3.7  
29 29.0± 9.3 16.3± 5.5  
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Sorin Bicarbon Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 30.1± 4.5 16.7± 2.0 1.4± 0.1
21 22.0± 7.1 10.0± 3.3 1.2± 0.4
23 16.8± 6.1 7.7± 3.3 1.5± 0.2
25 11.2± 3.1 5.6± 1.6 2.4± 0.3
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
Sorin Pericarbon Stentless
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 36.5± 9.0 28.9± 7.3 1.2± 0.5
21 28.0± 13.3 23.8± 11.1 1.3± 0.6
23 27.5± 11.5 23.2± 7.6 1.5± 0.5
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
St. Jude Medical Haem Plus Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 28.5± 10.7 17.0± 7.8 1.9± 0.1
21 16.3± 17.0 10.6± 5.1 1.8± 0.5
23 16.8± 7.3 12.1± 4.2 1.7± 0.5
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
St Jude Medical Regent Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 20.6± 12 11.0± 4.9 1.6± 0.4
21 15.6± 9.4 8.0± 4.8 2.0± 0.7
23 12.8± 6.8 6.9± 3.5 2.3± 0.9
25 11.7± 6.8 5.6± 3.2 2.5± 0.8
27 7.9± 5.5 3.5± 1.7 3.6± 0.5
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
St Jude Medical Standard Bileaflet
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
19 42.0± 10.0 24.5± 5.8 1.5± 0.1
21 25.7± 9.5 15.2± 5.0 1.4± 0.4
23 21.8± 7.5 13.4± 5.6 1.6± 0.4
25 18.9± 7.3 11.0± 5.3 1.9± 0.5
27 13.7± 4.2 8.4± 3.4 2.5± 0.4
29 13.5± 5.8 7.0± 1.7 2.8± 0.5
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
St Jude Medical Stentless
Size PG (mmHg) MG (mmHg) EOA (cm2)
21 22.6± 14.5 10.7± 7.2 1.3± 0.6
23 16.2± 9.0 8.2± 4.7 1.6± 0.6
25 12.7± 8.2 6.3± 4.1 1.8± 0.5
27 10.1± 5.8 5.0± 2.9 2.0± 0.3
29 7.7± 4.4 4.1± 2.4 2.4± 0.6
PG = Peak Gradient, MG = Mean Gradient, EOA = Effective Orifice Area
Image
 
 
 
 
 
 
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