Defaults: 1X 2X 3X 4X      
Echo-of-the-Day
UNMC Advertisement
E-Echocardiograhy will go offline June 30th, 2022. CME is Offline Jan 14th, 2022
 Go to the EOTD Archive
 
Echo-of-the-Day Information
The Echo-of-the-Day is a presentation of 1 or more video loops to present an important topic in echocardiography. Please reveiw the image or video loops and then answer the questions below. After you have answered the questions you can view the explanation and obtain CME credit (if available).

You can change the size and the format of the image or video loops by using the links below the image or video loop.
= MP4 Video = Ogg Video
= WebM Video = GIF Image
Image/Video Sizes = JPG Image
1X = 200x150 pixels
2X = 400x300 pixels
3X = 600x450 pixels
4X = 800x600 pixels
Loop Text Key  
Preop Preop TEE or TTE
Intraop An Intraop TEE
IntraopPreOp Intraop TEE or TTE before Operation
IntraopPostOp Intraop TEE or TTE after Operation
IntraopEnd Intraop TEE or TTE at End of Anesthesia
Post Op Postop TEE or TTE
Echo of the Day Information Table
IntraopEnd is usually a TEE after the Operation and after some event occured to show a change in the TEE
E and E` Ratio
Case#: 167
AMA CME Units: 0.25 Units
Estimated Time: 15 minutes.
Presentation:
A patient presented with two loops: An LVI with the E velocity shown below and a Tissue Doppler of the lateral mitral valve annulus with the E` velocity shown below.
 
Loop(s):
Case Discussion
 
The LVI E velocity represents the velocity of the flow of blood into the LV from the LA during the rapid filling phase of diastole. If the LAP is low the velocity will be lower. If the LAP is high, then the velocity of the blood will be higher. In severe MR, an E velocity > 120 cm/sec indicates severe MR.

The TDI E` velocity measures the velocity of the mitral valve annulus during ventricular relaxation and early passive filling. As the ventricle relaxes and fills, the mitral valve annulus moves away from the LV apex. During atrial systole, the mitral valve annulus is pulled away from the LV apex by atrial contraction resulting in the TDI A` velocity measurement. If a ventricle relaxes poorly, then the mitral valve annulus velocity is decreased. If the LAP is low, the speed of filling is slower but the velocity of the mitral valve annulus is near normal. If the LAP is higher, the speed of filling is increased but the mitral valve annular velocity is near normal. Therefore, the E` velocity indicates the speed of LV lengthing during rapid filling of the LV.

Isaaz et al (Am J Cardiol 1989;64:66-75) first reported DTI of the posterior wall, however, in the 1990s the E/E` ratio was used to compare the passive LV inflow velocities to the velocity of LV lengthening. If the LAP is high, the LVI E velocity is high and, in the case of normal relaxation, the LV lengthening will be near normal yielding a high ratio. If the LAP is low the LVI E velocity is low, however, LV lengthing is near normal yielding a low ratio. In diastolic dysfunction, the LVI E velocity can appear while the LAP is high, however, the LV lengthening is decreased yielding a high ratio. Therefore, the mitral valve annlus E` velocity corrects the LVI E wave velocity for LV lengthing. The E/E` ratio has been shown to be predictive of LAP or PCWP .

A low E/E` ratio is < 8 which indicates a LAP < 10 mmHg. A high E/E` ratio is > 15 and indicates a LAP > 15 mmHg. As with other echocardiographic measurements, other methods should be performed to confirm the LAP (Valsalva maneuver, pulmonary S/D ratio, pulmonary vein A wave velocity, mitral A wave duration/pulmonary A wave duration).

 
CME Section
Please answer the following questions correctly to obtain your CME.
CME Activites require a subscription and CME credits. Please purchase a subscription and CME credits.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Instution Info  
User Info  
CME Info  
Help  
User License  
HIPAA  
Privacy Policy  
References   
Calcs   
 
CME Sponsor: University of Nebraska Medical Center - Center for Continuing Education This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education through the joint providership of University of Nebraska Medical Center, Center for Continuing Education and JLS Interactive, LLC.
The University of Nebraska Medical Center, Center for Continuing Education is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

CE Sponsor: American Society of Radiological Technologists (ASRT)This activity is approved by the American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT) as sonography-related continuing education (CE). Credit(s) issued for successful completion of ASRT-approved CE activities are accepted by the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonography, American Registry of Radiological Technologists, Cardiovascular Credentialing International and Canadian Association of Registered Diagnostic Ultrasound Professionals. Contact the applicable registry for additional information / restrictions on their acceptance of ASRT CE credit.
Copyright Statement
© Copyright 2000-2021 JLS Interactive, LLC.
Content from this web site may not be used or reproduced for non-personal or
commercial purposes without express written permission by JLS Interactive, LLC.
 
Log Updated